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IRS Increases Mileage Rate to 55.5 Cents per Mile

July 3, 2011

The IRS recently announced an increase in the optional standard mileage rates for the final six months of 2011. The rate will increase to 55.5 cents a mile for all business miles driven from July 1, 2011, through Dec. 31, 2011. This is an increase of 4.5 cents from the 51 cent rate in effect for the first six months of 2011, as set forth in Revenue Procedure 2010-51. Taxpayers may use the optional standard rates to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business and other purposes.
The IRS recognizes the impact that recent gasoline price increases are having on businesses and citizens, and in fairness to taxpayers, made this special adjustment for the final months of 2011. The IRS normally updates the mileage rates once a year in the fall for the next calendar year.The IRS also considers other factors in the mileage rate calculations such as depreciation and insurance along with other fixed and variable costs.The optional business standard mileage rate is used to compute the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business use in lieu of tracking actual costs. This rate is also used as a benchmark by the federal government and many businesses to reimburse their employees for mileage.

The new six-month rate for computing deductible medical or moving expenses will also increase by 4.5 cents to 23.5 cents a mile, up from 19 cents for the first six months of 2011. The rate for providing services for charitable organizations is set by statute, not the IRS, and remains at 14 cents a mile.

The new rates are contained in Announcement 2011-40 on the optional standard mileage rates.

Taxpayers always have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates. In either case, remember to document, document, document!

Mileage Rate Changes  Purpose  Rates 1/1 through 6/30/11  Rates 7/1 through 12/31/2011  Business  51  55.5  Medical/Moving  19  23.5

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